Bitterroot Amateur Radio

Bitterroot Amateur Radio

communicating through thick and thin

Fully Informed Jury

Fully Informed Jury

the alternative to a ruling elite

Libertarian Party

Libertarian Party

whatever floats your boat as long as it doesn't sink mine

Chili – pressure cooker


This is now my go-to Chili recipe.

CHILI with dry beans in Instant Pot


1 cup each  dried pinto & black beans

2 lbs ground beef

1-2 onions chopped

1 red & 1 yellow bell pepper chopped

2 Tbsp garlic minced

3 Tbsp chili powder

1 Tbsp dried oregano

2 tsp cumin powder

1 tsp salt or to taste

1/2 tsp black pepper

4 tsp beef broth concentrate

Add after cooking:

1 can (14 oz.) diced tomatoes or 2 cups fresh tomatoes, chopped

1/4 cup masa harina e.g. Bob’s Red Mill brand

Your choice of toppings: sour cream shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onions, shallots or green onions, sliced jalapenos, hot sauce, diced avocado, or Fritos chips

Instructions – To do a quick pre-soak of beans in Instant Pot:

Rinse beans and drain. Place in instant pot and add 3 cups water.

Close Lid, and make sure steam release handle is in the ‘Sealing’ position.

Cook on ‘Manual’ or ‘Pressure Cook’ mode for 5 minutes.

Do a Natural Pressure Release (NPR), about 12 minutes.

Press ‘Cancel’ and open the Instant Pot.

  1. Add all ingredients except tomatoes and masa harina. Stir.
  2. Close Instant Pot Lid, and make sure steam release handle is in the ‘Sealing’ position.
  3. Cook on ‘Manual’ or ‘Pressure Cook’ mode for 20 minutes.
  4. Do a Natural Pressure Release (NPR), about 15 to 18 minutes. **
  5. Press ‘Cancel’ and open the Instant Pot.
  6. Add tomatoes.
  7. Press ‘Saute’.
  8. Stir in masa harina.
  9. Cook until chili has thickened, stirring frequently, about 5 minutes.
  10. Press ‘Cancel’.
  11. Allow the Instant Pot Chili to rest for 5 more minutes before serving, it will thicken some more.

Ladle chili into serving bowls and serve with your choice of toppings: sour cream, shredded cheddar cheese, chopped red onions, shallots or green onions, sliced jalapenos, hot sauce, diced avocado, or Fritos chips (my favorite!)


– Prep time does not include steps that are already accounted for in the ingredient list, e.g. chopped onions, minced garlic, diced chicken, etc.

** After 15 minutes, if you wish to, you can release the remaining pressure by moving the pressure release handle to venting position.

Hansen kids – Sara & Scott toddlers plus

Chicken & Rice – pressure cooker

I have purchased three books with my pressure cooker and collected a number of recipes online. My GO TO weekly recipe, however is this one which I always made the rice on the stove top and had to cook the chicken separately.

I am adding it here in its Instant Pot version. I prefer brown rice to white but any long cooking rice will work. What I LOVE is that frozen chicken is moist and tender and done the same time as the rice. Wonderful when I haven’t planned ahead, I can ALWAYS make this meal. A salad or steamed veggies and dinner whenever you want it.

Chicken & Rice
By Missy Dunlap 2020

1. Put 2 cups long cooking rice (I prefer brown rice) to rinsing in a colander under running water.
2. Set pressure cooker to Saute’
3. add ½ stick of butter sliced to pot
4. 3 cups chicken broth (or equivalent of water and bouillon)
5. 2 tsp Italian seasoning or seasonings of your choice
6. Optional: I keep freezer bags of chopped red & yellow pepper and green onions that I often add. Minced garlic is also yummy.*
7. Next, dump in the rice, stir, and top with FROZEN or thawed chicken pieces of your choosing.
8. Set pot to porridge setting (or 22 minutes pressure cooking)
9. Remember to check the steam toggle to make sure it is set properly. If you can hear steam releasing you’ve forgotten to set it.
10. Let pressure drop naturally after cooking, 15-20 minutes.

*Both of these could just be stirred into the finished rice after removing the chicken and recover and leave on the auto keep warm setting for a few minutes to warm through.

Open and serve with steamed veggies or a salad.

I really need to try this with other grains, like couscous, millet, etc, for variety.

I’m going to have to take a photo next time I make it and update this post.

Protected: Christmas Card 2020

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Canadian Agenda 2021-22 Leaked

Dark Winter

Original Message ‐‐‐‐‐‐‐
On Saturday, October 10, 2020 1:38 PM, REMOVED <REMOVED> wrote:


I want to provide you some very important information. I’m a committee member within the Liberal Party of Canada. I sit within several committee groups but the information I am providing is originating from the Strategic Planning committee (which is steered by the PMO).

I need to start off by saying that I’m not happy doing this but I have to. As a Canadian and more importantly as a parent who wants a better future not only for my children but for other children as well. The other reason I am doing this is because roughly 30% of the committee members are not pleased with the direction this will take Canada, but our opinions have been ignored and they plan on moving forward toward their goals. They have also made it very clear that nothing will stop the planned outcomes.

The road map and aim was set out by the PMO and is as follows:

– Phase in secondary lock down restrictions on a rolling basis, starting with major metropolitan areas first and expanding outward. Expected by November 2020.
– Rush the acquisition of (or construction of) isolation facilities across every province and territory. Expected by December 2020.
– Daily new cases of COVID-19 will surge beyond capacity of testing, including increases in COVID related deaths following the same growth curves. Expected by end of November 2020.
– Complete and total secondary lock down (much stricter than the first and second rolling phase restrictions). Expected by end of December 2020 – early January 2021
– Reform and expansion of the unemployment program to be transitioned into the universal basic income program. Expected by Q1 2021.
– Projected COVID-19 mutation and/or co-infection with secondary virus (referred to as COVID-21) leading to a third wave with much higher mortality rate and higher rate of infection. Expected by February 2021.
– Daily new cases of COVID-21 hospitalizations and COVID-19 and COVID-21 related deaths will exceed medical care facilities capacity. Expected Q1 – Q2 2021.
– Enhanced lock down restrictions (referred to as Third Lock Down) will be implemented. Full travel restrictions will be imposed (including inter-province and inter-city). Expected Q2 2021.
– Transitioning of individuals into the universal basic income program. Expected mid Q2 2021.
– Projected supply chain break downs, inventory shortages, large economic instability. Expected late Q2 2021.
– Deployment of military personnel into major metropolitan areas as well as all major roadways to establish travel checkpoints. Restrict travel and movement. Provide logistical support to the area. Expected by Q3 2021.

Along with that provided road map the Strategic Planning committee was asked to design an effective way of transitioning Canadians to meet a unprecedented economic endeavor. One that would change the face of Canada and forever alter the lives of Canadians. What we were told was that in order to offset what was essentially an economic collapse on a international scale, that the federal government was going to offer Canadians a total debt relief.

This is how it works: the federal government will offer to eliminate all personal debts (mortgages, loans, credit cards, etc) which all funding will be provided to Canada by the IMF under what will become known as the World Debt Reset program. In exchange for acceptance of this total debt forgiveness the individual would forfeit ownership of any and all property and assets forever. The individual would also have to agree to partake in the COVID-19 and COVID-21 vaccination schedule, which would provide the individual with unrestricted travel and unrestricted living even under a full lock down (through the use of photo identification referred to as Canada’s HealthPass) .

Committee members asked who would become the owner of the forfeited property and assets in that scenario and what would happen to lenders or financial institutions, we were simply told “the World Debt Reset program will handle all of the details”. Several committee members also questioned what would happen to individuals if they refused to participate in the World Debt Reset program, or the HealthPass, or the vaccination schedule, and the answer we got was very troubling. Essentially we were told it was our duty to make sure we came up with a plan to ensure that would never happen. We were told it was in the individuals best interest to participate.

When several committee members pushed relentlessly to get an answer we were told that those who refused would first live under the lock down restrictions indefinitely. And that over a short period of time as more Canadians transitioned into the debt forgiveness program, the ones who refused to participate would be deemed a public safety risk and would be relocated into isolation facilities. Once in those facilities they would be given two options, participate in the debt forgiveness program and be released, or stay indefinitely in the isolation facility under the classification of a serious public health risk and have all their assets seized.

So as you can imagine after hearing all of this it turned into quite the heated discussion and escalated beyond anything I’ve ever witnessed before. In the end it was implied by the PMO that the whole agenda will move forward no matter who agrees with it or not. That it wont just be Canada but in fact all nations will have similar roadmaps and agendas. That we need to take advantage of the situations before us to promote change on a grander scale for the betterment of everyone. The members who were opposed and ones who brought up key issues that would arise from such a thing were completely ignored. Our opinions and concerns were ignored. We were simply told to just do it.

All I know is that I don’t like it and I think its going to place Canadians into a dark future.

or try this link to The World Economic Forum Agenda 2030 which supports the first one from Canada.

Covid – I can admit when I am wrong

but the politicians running our country cannot. Jeremy Hammond is someone I know does his homework. I’m willing to accept, because it is from him, that Covid has been isolated, does exist and that the tests, within limitations he explains, do have some value.

I would have linked to his article but, knowing that Facebook allows no information that does not line up 100% with the accepted narrative, I am putting it up at my own website instead in the hopes that this information will reach you.

This does not change my belief that 99% of people will survive it and that lockdowns are unconstitutional, unnecessary and have destroyed our economy and caused more harm than no interventions would have. This is what has changed my mind and you will find a link to his website in the article that follows:

Since the start of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic and the “lockdown” responses, we’ve heard a lot about reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests. There’s a lot of confusion about these tests and plenty of misinformation, so here, briefly, is what you need to know.

First, there are popular claims still being spread widely that the virus has never been proven to even exist. This is false. The virus has been isolated and its whole genome sequenced repeatedly by scientists all over the world. There are sequence databases scientists use to track evolutionary changes in the virus as it moves through the human population.

There also seems to be a fairly widespread belief that PCR tests produce lots of false positives because they don’t discriminate between SARS-CoV-2 and viral RNA of common human coronaviruses, other viruses, or even human DNA. This is also untrue. The tests are specific to SARS-CoV-2 and will not return a positive result for other viruses, much less human DNA. What can cause false positives is contamination or other human error in handling or processing the tests.

The tests work by cyclically amplifying any present SARS-CoV-2 RNA. If a certain cycle threshold value is met, the result is “positive”. If fewer cycles are required to reach the threshold, the inference is of a higher “viral load”; whereas if a greater number of cycles are required, the inference is that less viral RNA was present in the sample.

I’ve seen the belief expressed many times that if the threshold value is set high enough, the tests will be positive no matter what. This is also incorrect. If there is no SARS-CoV-2 RNA present in the sample, there is nothing to amplify and so the result will be negative.

Where the cycle threshold (or “Ct”) value really matters is in the implication with respect to contagiousness. The key point, which I have emphasized repeatedly in my writings over the past several months, is that the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA is not necessarily indicative of the presence of viable, infectious virus.

So when the New York Times and other media have reported, for example, that SARS-CoV-2 is airborne transmissible because such-and-such study found viral RNA in air samples, they were stating a fallacious conclusion.

For another example, when they’ve said that children are contagious because they have “viral loads” at least as high as adults, they are stating a fallacious conclusion.

Similarly, PCR tests are highly relevant for the shifted justification for extreme lockdown measures. These measures were originally sold to the public on the grounds they were temporarily required to “flatten the curve” and prevent hospitals from being overwhelmed. But then, the justification shifted and we were told that the measures must continue indefinitely to reduce “cases” to near zero.

The number of “cases” in turn is dependent on the numbers of “positive” PCR tests. You may have seen the term “casedemic” being used to describe the situation, and while that term can also be misused, it legitimately calls attention to the problem of using PCR tests for diagnostic purposes and justifying policies based on “cases”.

For example, how meaningful of a metric is an increasing number of “cases” when it’s a consequence of increased testing? How meaningful is it when hospitalizations and deaths are declining?

The use of “cases” to justify lockdown measures is all the more absurd given the fact that a positive result does not even mean that “case” is infected with SARS-CoV-2.

Again, all it means is that viral RNA was present in the sample. Even the pro-lockdown New York Times has admitted that 90% of people identified as “cases” by PCR testing were probably not contagious, as inferred from Ct values indicating low viral loads and a high likelihood of “positive” results indicating presence of non-viable RNA fragments as opposed to infectious virus.

The appropriate threshold for positive PCR test results has not been determined scientifically. They are arbitrary, and the Times acknowledged that they the tests are wrongly being used to diagnose patients on the basis of threshold values that are too high.

Also, even if a high “viral load” is inferred from Ct values, it still does not necessarily indicate the presence of infectious virus. For example, in one study, researchers were unable to detect viable virus (using cell cultures to see whether there are cytopathic effects and viral reproduction) after 8 days since symptom onset despite continued high viral loads as determined by PCR tests.

In other words, there is not a perfect correlation between a high viral load and infectiousness.

Another aspect of the testing regimes is the mathematical implication of false positives, especially in areas with low prevalence. If 1% of results falsely indicate the presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA, then out of a tested population of 10,000 people, 100 people will be counted as “cases” even if there is no transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in that community. There can be a “casedemic” in areas of low prevalence just because there’s a massive amount of testing happening.

So, to sum up, while PCR tests can be useful to confirm a diagnosis of COVID-19, they should never be used by themselves as a diagnostic tool. Yet, in “case” counts, that is precisely what’s been done: people who do not have the disease and are not contagious are being counted as COVID-19 “cases”, and these numbers in turn are being cited to justify continued lockdown measures.

In my latest article, “New York Times Lies about Science to Push School Closures“, I discuss how policymakers and the media have misused, misinterpreted, and deceived about the meaning of PCR test results since the start of the pandemic to create fear and manufacture consent for extremely harmful lockdown measures.

In case you haven’t read it yet:

Learn how the New York Times misreports science using PCR tests to advocate continued school closures.

Jeremy R. Hammond

Independent Journalist, Author, and Writing Coach

You Should Have Voted for The White Woman for President

What, didn’t know you could have voted for a WHITE WOMAN??? I am not racist, which will be the taunt from the Left, and I’m not a feminist, which will be the accusation from the Right. If you didn’t vote for Jo Jorgensen for president you missed an opportunity you will soon regret.

You see, there is/was another choice, one that might have saved our country, but you are not well informed. You see the world in only two dimensions, Left & Right. 

Since I know you have not, will not even have considered a third option, you should know what’s coming in our future. This guy paints the picture the way I see it, and he isn’t flattering of Trump, either.

Yes, you could have voted Libertarian, the party for freedom, not the two who plan to enslave you. Below is a graphic to show you the third choice, the one you did not consider because you likely believe there is no chance she could win. However, if everyone who hates Trump and/or despises Biden voted for her, she would win, wouldn’t she. That isn’t a question, by the way.

If you’d like a better look, here is a link to the graphic at the Idaho party website where I found it. There you will also find a link to a political quiz which has endless in-depth questions to determine your allegiance. Weirdly, my results there were 85% in agreement with Republicans, but the areas where I disagree are deal breakers: mandatory vaccination and lockdown and economic devastation for a virus that is 99% innocuous are two.

And here is the shortest political quiz you can take to see where you stand on the important issues. Could be YOU are a LIBERTARIAN but didn’t know it!


Stimulus Breakdown

VIRUS STIMULUS BILL …Now you know why President Trump and Republicans
are blocking this 2 trillion dollar congressional bill!

This has more Pork Fat in it than Emeril Lagasse could use in a Lifetime!!! Hard to believe? Look it up on the Congressional website for HR 748 from 116th Congress.

American population: 330,483,530

Stimulus bill: $2,000,000,000,000 ($2 Trillion)

Dividing the cost by every in America is $6,051.74

The government/democarats could have given every person over $6,000, but instead will give $1,200 to each adult under a certain income

Wanna know where the missing 96% of your tax dollars went?

$300,000,000 for Migrant and Refugee Assistance pg 147

$10,000 per person for student loan bailout

$100,000,000 to Nasa, because, who knows why.

$20,000,000,000 to the USPS, because why the hell not

$300,000,000 to the Endowment for the Arts – because of it

$300,000,000 for the Endowment for the Humanities/ because no one even knew that was a thing

$15,000,000 for Veterans Employment Training / for when the GI Bill isn’t enough

$435,000,000 for mental health support

$30,000,000,000 for the Department of Education stabilization fund/ because that will keep people employed (all those zeros can be confusing, that’s $30 BILLION)

$200,000,000 to Safe Schools Emergency Response to Violence Program

$300,000,000 to Public Broadcasting / NPR has to be bought by the Dems

$500,000,000 to Museums and Libraries / Who the hell knows how we are going to use it

$720,000,000 to Social Security Admin / BUT GET THIS only 200,000,000 is to help people. The rest is for admin costs

$25,000,000 for Cleaning supplies for the Capitol Building / I kid you not it’s on page 136

$7,500,000 to the Smithsonian for additional salaries

$35,000,000 to the JFK Center for Performing Arts

$25,000,000 for additional salary for House of Representatives

$3,000,000,000 upgrade to the IT department at the VA

$315,000,000 for State Department Diplomatic Programs

$95,000,000 for the Agency of International Development

$300,000,000 for International Disaster Assistance

$90,000,000 for the Peace Corp pg 148

$13,000,000 to Howard University pg 121

$ 9,000,000 MISCELLANEOUS?. Senate Expenses pg 134

$100,000,000 to Essential Air carriers pg 162 This of note because the Airlines are going to need billions in loans to keep them afloat. $100,000,000 is chump change

$40,000,000,000 goes to the Take Responsibility to Workers and Families Act This sounds like it’s direct payments for workers. Pg 164

$1,000,000,000 Airlines Recycle and Save Program pg 163

$25,000,000 to the FAA for administrative costs pg 165

$492,000,000 to National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak) pg 167

$526,000,000 Grants to Amtrak to remain available if needed through 2021 pg 168 (what are the odds that doesn’t go unused

Hidden on page 174 the Secretary has 7 days to allocate the funds & notify Congress

$25,000,000,000 for Transit Infrastructure pg 169

$3,000,000 Maritime Administration pg 172

$5,000,000 Salaries and Expensive Office of the Inspector General pg 172

$2,500,000 Public and Indian Housing pg 175

$5,000,000 Community Planning and Development pg 175

$2,500,000 Office of Housing

What DOES ALL of this have to do with the Virus? Are you angry yet?

You might find these charts interesting, too.

Well, Shut My Mouth! For Better Sleep

Saw this ad in my Facebook stream and wondered what this person was doing! So I checked it out and decided there was actually merit to it. And then, had to try it myself, but not forking out actual money for the product when I have a perfectly good roll of packing tape on hand!

I prefer sleeping on my side but my right shoulder hurts after a while so I switch to my left side until my left hip hurts too much, and next thing I’m on my back and you know what happens then! I have actually woken myself up with my own snoring, had such a dry mouth upon waking that my upper lip tore when I pulled it off my front tooth. 

So, I used a strip of packing tape trimmed to an appropriate size for several nights. The first thing that happens when applied is the need to yawn about 10 times. Now that piece won’t stick anymore. Each length of packing tape can be spit in two and hung near the bed (my lamp works well) for reapplications if needed.

I find I am not waking up as many times a night, therefore I’m getting better sleep and feeling more rested in the mornings. It’s a little weird to get used to, but I think it is worth it. I know it looks really goofy but how much is a good night’s sleep worth? 

There are other less expensive brands but they look a little different. Read on to see the claims of the advertisers.

From the ad:

Mouth breathing has serious implications, particularly during sleep–it often leads to:

  • open-mouth snoring
  • worsened sleep quality for non-snorers
  • non-compliance with Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) or oral appliances for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) sufferers.

Fortunately a solution is here: SomniFix Strips gently hold the mouth closed to direct airflow through the nose, reducing snores, improving sleep, and improving compliance with CPAP and oral appliances.

Snore CPAP sleep device mouth breathing nasal prevention mouth taping somnifix sleep apnea dry deep
Snore CPAP sleep device mouth breathing nasal prevention dry mouth taping somnifix deep sleep apnea
Snore CPAP sleep device mouth breathing nasal prevention dry mouth taping somnifix deep sleep apnea
Snore CPAP sleep device mouth breathing nasal prevention dry mouth taping somnifix deep sleep apnea
Snore CPAP sleep device mouth breathing nasal prevention dry mouth taping somnifix deep sleep apnea


  • Who can benefit from SomniFix Strips?
    • CPAP Users: SomniFix Strips stop mouth breathing leaks caused by CPAP masks to immediately improve user compliance and comfort.
    • Open Mouth Breathers: Mouth breathing ruins sleep quality and is bad for oral hygiene. Waking up with a dry mouth, sore throat, or nasal congestion?
    • Snorers: Did you know an open mouth is the leading cause of snoring? SomniFix Strips are the first of its kind to safely stop open-mouth snoring.
    • You can find out if you are an open-mouth snorer with a simple test: open your mouth and try to snore; now close your mouth and try to snore. If you can snore with your mouth open, but do not snore with your mouth closed, SomniFix Strips are for you!
  • What are the exclusion criteria for SomniFix Strips?
    • Do not use SomniFix Strips if you: Have nasal breathing difficulties; Are obese (BMI over 35); Have severely chapped lips, or non-intact skin immediately around the mouth; Have consumed alcohol or sedatives; Have a cold, sinus, or ear infection; Have severe heart or breathing problems; Have very low blood pressure.
  • What about people with sleep apnea?
    • SomniFix Strips are not a standalone solution for sleep apnea. However, they may be used in combination with CPAP or an oral appliance.
  • Why is it important to address snoring?
    • Simply put, snoring is a disorder. It causes fragmented sleep, meaning very poor sleep quality. It is often a precursor to sleep apnea, a serious sleep disorder that can lead to life-altering cardiovascular and cognitive disorders. Not to mention snoring is just plain annoying and embarrassing.
  • Are SomniFix Strips comfortable to wear?
    • Yes. Our strip is flexible and fits all lip shapes and sizes. It uses a skin-friendly, hypoallergenic adhesive—users often describe it as a second skin. It has also been biocompatibility tested to ensure that it will not cause lip or skin irritation. And we’ve created a breathing vent so you can mouth breathe, if necessary.
  • Is there a benefit to nose breathing instead of mouth breathing?
    • Yes. Nose breathing is far superior to mouth breathing. The issue with habitual mouth breathing is that we inhale and exhale too much air (chronic hyperventilation). Hyperventilation leads to an imbalance in the carbon dioxide-oxygen (CO2-O2) exchange. The brain responds by stimulating mucus production to slow our breathing, causing the onset of nasal congestion. This, in turn, creates a vicious cycle that leaves mouth breathers unable to breathe through the nose. Nose breathing slows and optimizes breathing cadence, protecting us from hyperventilation. One of the great functions of the nose is that it acts as a filter for airborne particles in inhaled air. The nose warms and humidifies inhaled air, protecting the lungs in cold or dry environments. And the nose optimizes CO2-02 exchange, which in turn, ensures efficient use of oxygen in the blood.
  • What is the breathing vent for?
    • Our central vent mimics the functions of the nose if you begin mouth breathing. First, the small size of the vent helps regulate mouth breathing cadence, so that it’s similar to nose breathing cadence. Second, the mesh layer similarly acts as a filter for airborne particles. Our users want to know that they can breathe through their mouths if necessary. Now they can do so without compromising breathing quality. It’s also there so that users can rest easy knowing that they can mouth breathe if necessary.
  • Will I be able to take it off easily if needed?
    • Yes, it dislodges just by forcibly opening your mouth (no hands needed).
  • Does it pull on the lips or leave sticky residue?
    • No. Our adhesive is hypoallergenic and specially-engineered for lip contact. It is very gentle and leaves no residue.
  • On the first night, I took it off. Does that mean I cannot use the strips?
    • No. Most users will need 5-7 nights to become acclimated to using our strips. Because many of us are prone to mouth breathing while sleeping, nose breathing all night takes time and training.
  • I am unable to breathe through my nose. Can I use the strips?
    • No. Because our strips encourage you to breathe through the nose, do not use the strips if you are unable to comfortably nose breathe. The inability to nose breathe is a sign that you should visit an Otolaryngology (ENT) specialist.
  • I notice that I default to mouth breathing through the vent. Is that normal?
    • No. If your default breathing pattern while wearing the strip is through the central vent, then you should reposition the strip. To ensure that you default to nose breathing, turn the lips inward slightly while the lips are sealed when applying the strip. The breathing vent is there as a backup breathing option, and mouth breathing should be minimized.
  • Why won’t the strip stick?
    • Ensure that you diligently wash and dry the lips and surrounding area, making sure that the area is void of any balms or moisturizers. Once the lips are dry, the strip will stick. Any lubricants will compromise the adhesive.
  • Can I use it more than once?
    • No. SomniFix Strips are single use. After a night’s use, the strip should be discarded (by recycling) to avoid introducing bacteria to the lips.
  • Are the strips gluten and latex free?​
    • Yes



Edwin Veghte Dunlap, USAF WWII

Edwin Veghte Dunlap is/was my father-in-law. Luckily, I was able to meet him in person a few times before he passed. He was definitely a character with an interesting story.

Ed wrote and illustrated a book about his WWII experience. I took photos of the COPY of the book that we have and then pulled those into a power point program and converted it to pdf form. I was not able to upload it here due to the size, nearly 500 megabytes. WordPress has a maximum of 128 mb uploads. I tried compressing the file but the zipped file was no smaller.

I’ll put a couple of pages (photos of them) in this post as I tell a little about his story. I had this all in an email to send, and, mistakenly, did not save the text somewhere before trying to send and, after my computer locked up, because the file was too large, causing me to have to restart my PC both times, I lost the email completely.

Well, it’s been two and a half days since I started this project and I finally scanned Ed’s log in to pdf. You can view all 166 pages when you open this link in Adobe Acrobat reader.  EVD WWII LOG. NOTE: It’s helpful to know that a click of your other mouse button in Adobe Acrobat gives you options, including “rotate clockwise”, allowing you to view pages right side up. You may have to do it again on a succeeding pages to put them back into correct viewing. Repeat as needed.

Ed went into the US Airforce. This is Propwash, his “year book” if you will, from flight school. Propwash I did not scan in the entire publication but enough that you will see what it was like and his written comments are fun to read. I scanned in a few other things that Ed kept and you can view them here: American Ex-Prisoners of War (covers with his notes only), Original Dirty Dozen and my rewrite of the second one is below, and cover only of this book. Ted’s older brother, Frank, has the original log. Hopefully, it will survive and be passed on to Ted’s son, Richard, Dunlap.

Ted has recently made a display of sorts and asked me to frame these items of his father’s. The result was this shadow box. Ted sent away for wings before he knew I knew where his father’s original wings were, and his bars. When he ordered them, and a photo of the plane his father flew, he also received this flyer of the military badges.







I heard the story many times since Ted and I married and it goes something like this. Ed’s first mission was him filling in for someone who was sick. They were shot down and his parachute didn’t fit him because it was for a smaller person, the one he was sent in place of. He had a broken leg and was quickly surrounded by peasants with pitch forks. When he asked where he was and the reply was Deutschland, he thought he’d landed in Holland and was safe. He spent the rest of the war as a prisoner in Germany.

He wasn’t wearing his uniform hat when he left the plane and the Germans said he was out of uniform and they would execute him. A local turned up wearing Ed’s hat and there was his identification in his hat on that guy’s head!

The Germans were successful at keeping Ed imprisoned, but the British were not. The prisoners were under orders from the US, through the Brits who liberated them, to wait to be processed out of the camp. Many, including Ed, did not wait and struck off cross country on bicycles and row boats to reach the English Channel where they boarded boats for home.

I never heard Ed tell the story himself, Ed was co-pilot and here’s what happened in his own words, from the book he wrote and illustrated.

“We had started at 18,000. It wouldn’t be too long til we would crash. Things were so confused, whirling and noisy, that I really didn’t know which way to go to get out. Besides, where was my chute?! I would never have found it but during one violent lurch of the ship the chest pack came from somewhere to hit me in the chest.

I was able to snap it on and finally strained to the open bomb bay but couldn’t make it over the step into it. Just watched first the sky then the ground ever closer. Funny how calm I was. Just said to myself- too bad, this is it, and quit struggling.

Then I thought of the little wife, how fine she was, how she would feel, married such a short time to have me, her husband, die in a crash! That rest must have done it cause this time I made it. Guess the tail hit me, anyway asI bailed a big wallop did this to my leg. I figure the chute couldn’t have popped much over 1,500 feet. That’s as close to violent death as I care to come. A Few more seconds in that plane would have done it. ‘C’mon, let’s play another game of chess.'”

My favorite story is Marilyn’s. When she knew Ed was coming home she got ready every evening with curlers in her hair and putting on her best dress in the morning to meet the trains each day. When the last soldier got off the train one day and saw her there, pretty and obviously disappointed, he said, “Mam, if he’d been on that train he would have been the first one off!”

One morning, still in her old night gown and hair in curlers, a knock at her window, and there was Ed! So much for all that preparation!

Ed always said The Dirty Dozen was his story. And so, he wrote it. And it was published in a November 11, 1989 issue of a North Platte, Nebraska the Saturday Telegraph newspaper as THE ORIGINAL DIRTY DOZEN. We have a computer printout of a webpage of the story from dated 4/22/2002. The pages were printed so that words in the right hand margin were partial making it unsatisfactory for reading so I retyped it.

The Original Dirty Dozen

Stalag Luft I, Barth

by Edwin Dunlap

This excerpt could easily be expanded to fill an entire book because, to me it was the most outstanding desire of all during my year and a half as a prisoner of war, to escape!

There were various ways tried by prisoners to get beyond those double barbed wire fences; climbing them, slipping between the wires, cutting through, tunneling under, or some sort of disguise to pass the guards at the gates.

Here’s the one I know every detail about. To begin at the ending, we spent three months of work involving over eighty men ending in heartbreaking failure. Starting from barracks seven, we dug four feet below the surface, three tunnels at once. The caved in remnant closest to the guard tower with two 90 degree turns in it, was actually a success though I was captured a half minute after I had crawled out into the grass. Since I was first, no one escaped.

It was plain foolish to start a tunnel, claimed most of the men in Luft 1 who had seen, actually, over ninety tunnel attempts caved in by the Germans since the camp started in October of 1943.

I was just that foolish, that much of an egotist to think that the plan I had would beat the Germans, and it was easy to find many eager men who felt that anything that might get them home was worth a try.

The original plan based itself on the Germans knowing seismographs (which we knew were located around camp) not only when we were digging but where, and also knew many tunnels were discovered through the difficulty of dirt disposal or through carelessness of tire diggers. Originally, all these weaknesses were to be overcome by enough men and preparation that we would tunnel to the outside so rapidly that though Jerry knew we were working, we would get out because he always seemed to let the eager diggers keep busy, where they could watch them, for a few days.

The block we chose was picked because it was only a sixty foot dig to a place to come up, whereas most barracks were at least a 150 feet to dig so not a choice spot to come out.

The entrance to our job was hidden from the Germans for two months until the first of our three operating tunnels was discovered. Three complicated tunnels, a far cry from our comparatively simple original plan, was soon found necessary as we realized how slow the digging was going to be.

To form this final plan and hold to it was my responsibility, as I started it. Actually, I used to have meetings of all the workers until our numbers got too great, to hear suggestions from all; and it was through these meetings, out in the middle of an open spot where no microphones or listening Germans could hide that we reached agreements on tactics.

Against us was a camp designed, through escape attempts of the first world war prisoners, to be as near fool proof as possible. Officers were not allowed to leave on work details as they had caused too much trtouble in the past trying to escape. So we set out to beat the camp with its many guards, guns, dogs, its barbed wire fnces and its determination to keep us.

Still, on the principle that the Germans knew by seismograph we were working we hoped to fool them by digging three at once. Then, after they, typically let us keep busy for a while, we would push three jobs as far as possible, hiding two for further work when they came around with their “cave in squad.” And this is exactly what happened.

The day after the number one tunnel had been discovered, I rounded up the men who were still willing to work.. some had changed their minds about escape when they saw so many marched off, under guard, to the cooler.

Back we crawled under the barracks, only this time our method was very short periods of “quiet digging”, disturbing the ground as little as possible. We were digging in the left tunnel, as the right tunnel had been so badly exposed when the Germans caved it in that we could not easily operate the number two tunnel on the right of the lost one. However, we kept it concealed from the Germans in case the second attempt in tunnel number three failed. Also, for three months or more, not using it ever as the Allies were doing so well in their advance across France, escape did not seem wise.

It was another example of the lesson we learned; optimism did pay. We stayed ten months longer than we might have had to in this camp, as the tunnel was cleverly hidden by filling in the entrance with sand, extended almost to the fence.

You might wonder why it should take us so long, in sandy soil, to dig sixty feet. I wish there was room to write all the interesting details so you could realize the answer to this question. Sometimes the tunnel would get ahead of the air supply crew as they hammered pipe out of margarine tins.

Often there were workers, especially in the soppy tunnel, who got sick and work was held up for replacements. Actual weeks were wasted because of the suspicion of the Germans, as we valued our efforts enough to stop work completely if we thought they were giving more than their usual close attention to our activities.

They had a large crew of men working day and night doing nothing but watch for escape attempts. This crew was led by a mean, blond former New York butcher boy, a Nazi. Our chain of guards could really only warn us of approach of the crew in time for us to come out of the tunnel and fill the entrance with sand. No one was to attempt to come from under the barracks if we thought extra attention was being directed, by Henry, the butcher boy, and his henchmen to the barracks we were working under, as that might give our efforts away needlessly.

Charlie Epstein was over the guards. The only time one of the guards worked in the tunnel was when one of the usual workers became sick but not too sick to replace the guard on his position. We tried to avoid extra people knowing about our work as it would have been easy for the Germans to send a spy in our midst.

The first tunnel had not been a total loss as we had leanred much by it. I for one learned why armies insist on discipline, the importance of details and meetings to be sure everyone knew our day’s plans. We learned after using a hundred hard to obtain cartons, for passing dirt from the well’ to the disposal area, in one day that we would have to find another container.

We had been using some of our metal eating bowls in the tunnels as there was no room to pass the foot square six inch high Red Cross carton. So, though the Germans had taken some of these bowls in their first raid, we rounded up thirty five of these and used them, between times they were used for meals, in passing the wet smelling sand all the way to the disposal area.

We expected them to find the first tunnel by seismograph, and by the extra sand under the low barracks, though the sand was hidden for a couple of months thanks to the earlier tunnel done by those men that chipped the hole in the concrete wall. They had in a hurry packed their sand alongside the ‘dog runs’ in a fairly thin wall extending to the floor, ten inches above.

We merely made a four foot T, pushed this all of sand along the ground, far back where we could not reach it without the pusher and put our sand in front where the wall had been. Finishing it with dry sand made it look so much as it had before that the search squad, as they looked under the barracks every three or four night, did not find our work for those two months.

But, after the discovery of number one, and its exposed well where number two was hidden, we had to work, bending every effort to hid it, number three. Since all available room under the low floor had by this time been filled, except new areas without even a wall to hide more sand, we had to use an area saved for this emergency. To lift the barracks away would be the best way to show the dog runs, our own hidden runs where we put our dirt; our cold wet workshop for three and a half months. Lifting the barracks away would show our tunnel efforts somewhat like this:








Edwin Veghte Dunlap

B:02/10/1921 San Leandro, Alameda, California, USA

D:17/05/2012 Pleasant Hill Cemetary, Military Section, Sebastopol, Sonoma, California, USA

We had a lovely ceremony at the cemetery attended by Ted’s family, including his mother, sister Susan, son Richard and children, uncle and cousins. Ted played some tunes on his trombone.